parts of a roof

Main Types Of Roofs

Roofs can be pitched (angled), or “flat” (which is in reality marginally sloping). A newly constructed roof is virtually always a project for a specialist tradesperson. But you could potentially undertake small work yourself, assuming that you’re comfortable operating at heights. The next posting displays routine restoration tasks such as fixing or changing rhones on top of uncomplicated means of protecting a flat roof.

Pitched Roofs

The majority of residential property roofing systems is pitched. This type of roof has developed to meet various conditions. As a consequence, there are numerous variants on the fundamental model and countless mixes of build and design components with building techniques.

Types of pitched roofs


Three primary styles of a pitched roof are displayed below. There are numerous varieties of these designs, one typical instance of which is also displayed. Roofs are generally described based on it’s profile. Every kind can be constructed in various strategies, and with various components.

  • Gabled: The roof inclines about a triangular expansion of the closure wall. This part of the wall structure is the gable.
  • Hipped: A hip is a point at two adjoining inclines of a roof. Many elaborate roofs have multiple hips.
  • Mono-Pitched: This simplified roof has just one incline. It’s frequently included on lean-to buildings, particularly extensions.
  • Mansard: A mansard variation of the pitched roof that delivers a large living area in the attic.

Pitched Roof Frames

A pitched roof has a system of timbers to maintain the construction and its protection. There are actually two primary kinds of timber frame – cut roof and trussed roof -which can occasionally be connected to accomplish more elaborate roof. Each sort of process will withstand any materials.

cut-roof-frameCut Frame Roof

Commonly, most roofs were “cut” – joiners would cut timbers on-site throughout the build. To address wider spans, parts of the structure of the roof can be transmitted across inner weight holding walls with purlins (supports that support the rafters;). This creates of “dual” roof. While they’re time-intensive, solitary and, dual cut roofs are still built.


trussed-roof-frameTrussed Roof Frame Construction

Frequently known to the A-frames due of their profile, modern-day trusses (timber frames) are produced externally by professional tradesmen. The A-frame integrates rafters, timbers, and struts. A roof is constructed of multiple A-frames due to technological developments in determining the stresses and loading demands of the roof joists; trusses can be created thinner than a timber cut roof. Trusses are made in a wide variety of various designs and dimensions to fit the requirements of different kinds of roofing. For instance, many trusses are created to allow a lot of exposed area in the roof, to ensure that it can be converted into a living space. Lean-to, or single pitch, timbers are frequently applied for extension projects

Roof Outlining


Ridges, hips and valleys include the sides or structures in which a roof alters course; they’re the aspects at which pitched roofing systems meet. Verges, abutments and eaves are the “sides” of the roof. The eaves tend to be straight structures concerning a roof and a wall structure, while the verges are tilted structures involving a roof and a gable structure. Not every roof includes all of such points, and many of them can be created in a variety of means. The principal types of eaves and verges are displayed below.


The place that rafters and timbers join an outside structure is known as the eaves; it’s the horizontally lower side of the roof. There are actually many methods of building eaves, with variations primarily because of to the age of design method. 3 typical kinds of eaves are displayed, lacking a roof covering on top of each for simplicity.


The timbers involving a roof and the gabled wall structure is identified as the verge; verges are consequently inclined, while eaves are straight. There are 2 techniques of building a verge: it’s usually flush with a wall; or, if the roof protrudes the wall, a gable ladder creates some of the building. Similar to the eaves; verges must be watertight.

Original article: DIY Know-how with Show-how published by Dorling Kindersley.